Q２ 最低賃金は誰がどのように決めているのですか。 最低賃金は、公益代表、労働者代表、使用者代表の各同数の委員で構成される最低賃金審議会において議論の上、都道府県労働局長が決定しています。
2022年4月1日起，湖南省长沙市芙蓉区、天心区、岳麓区、开福区、雨花区、望城区最低工资标准调整为1930元/月，小时最低工资标准为19元/时；长沙县、浏阳市、宁乡市最低工资标准调整为1740元/月，小时最低工资标准为17元/时。  截至2022年4月1日，上海以2590元位居榜首。13个地区月最低工资标准已经达到2000元及以上。其中，广西月最低工资标准第一档为1810元，第二档为1580元，第三档为1430元。 
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Nutrition education in U.S. medical schools: latest update of a national survey
Purpose: To quantify the number of required hours of nutrition education at U.S. medical schools and the types of courses in which the instruction was offered, and to compare these results with results from previous surveys.
Method: The authors distributed to all 127 accredited U.S. medical schools (that were matriculating students at the time of this study) a two-page online survey devised by the Nutrition in Medicine Project at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. From August 2008 through July 2009, the authors asked their contacts, most of whom were nutrition educators, to report the nutrition contact hours that were required for their medical students and whether those actual hours of nutrition education occurred in 最低25美元开户 a designated nutrition course, within another course, or during clinical rotations.
Results: Respondents from 109 (86%) of the targeted medical schools completed some part of the survey. Most schools (103/109) required some form of nutrition education. Of the 105 schools 最低25美元开户 answering questions about courses and contact hours, only 26 (25%) required a dedicated nutrition course; in 2004, 32 (30%) of 106 schools did. Overall, medical students received 19.6 contact hours of nutrition instruction during their medical school careers (range: 0-70 hours); the average in 2004 was 22.3 hours. Only 28 (27%) of the 105 schools met the minimum 25 required hours set by the National Academy of Sciences; in 2004, 40 (38%) of 104 schools did so.
Conclusions: The amount of nutrition education that medical students receive continues to be inadequate.
Distribution of the total hours…
Distribution of the total hours of required nutrition 最低25美元开户 instruction at U.S. medical schools.…
Distribution of the total hours of required nutrition instruction at 最低25美元开户 U.S. medical schools. Representatives from 109 U.S. medical schools 最低25美元开户 responded to the 2008–2009 Nutrition in Medicine survey (105 schools provided data in response to this question; 4 schools did not). The graph compares the number of schools meeting the recommended minimum of 25 hours of required nutrition education (white bars) with the number of schools providing less than the minimum number of required hours (black bars). The number of schools at each level 最低25美元开户 of required nutrition instruction is indicated above each bar.
Distribution of the required nutrition…
Distribution of the required nutrition contact hours (i.e., the actual number of hours…
Distribution of the required nutrition contact hours (i.e., the actual number of hours of nutrition education) among the various types of medical school courses. Representatives from 109 U.S. medical schools responded to the 2008–2009 Nutrition in Medicine survey (100 schools provided data in response to this 最低25美元开户 question; 9 schools did not). The chart shows the distribution of required nutrition instruction throughout medical school curricula, whether in a designated 最低25美元开户 最低25美元开户 nutrition course (20%) or integrated into other courses or learning 最低25美元开户 environments (80%).